February 24, 2021

The Commission of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) obtained funding from the World Bank for the establishment of the Regional Project for the Strengthening of Disease Surveillance Systems in Central Africa (REDISSE IV) to respond to gaps and weaknesses noted in this region in terms of disease surveillance and epidemic response and response systems. This project aims to support the efforts of countries to increase the resilience of animal and human health systems in order to better prevent and control epidemics of infectious diseases and to put in place regional health strategies for better organization and optimal use of resources. available in the sub-region.

The REDISSE IV Project is the 4th phase of the REDISSE Projects financed by the World Bank in Africa.

Beneficiary countries of the REDISSE IV Project

The first three phases take place in West Africa and Mauritania. Indeed, the first phase of the REDISSE project began in 2016 and is taking place in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Senegal. The second phase of the REDISSE Project was launched in 2017 in favor of Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria and Togo. The third phase of the REDISSE Project, also launched in 2017, is taking place in Benin, Mali, Niger and Mauritania.

The countries of Central Africa have a very high risk of epidemics of infectious diseases, in particular of animal origin (zoonosis). Drivers of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in the ECCAS region include land use, deforestation, and encroachment on previously isolated rainforest habitats where humans may be exposed to new pathogens and reservoirs animal diseases such as Ebola virus.

It is in this context that ECCAS obtained this funding to address the gaps and weaknesses in disease surveillance, preparedness and response systems in all beneficiary countries in order to better prevent and control all epidemics in the region. ECCAS region.

The fourth phase of the REDISSE Project in Central Africa, which began in July 2020, will last 5 years (2020 – 2024) and the ECCAS member states benefiting from this Project are the Republic of Angola, the Central African Republic. , the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Chad. The ECCAS Regional Animal Health Center, based in N’Djamena / Chad is also an integral part of the beneficiary entities of the REDSSE IV Project.

The Project, through the ECCAS Commission, will also support the efforts of the above five countries to harmonize policies and procedures; facilitate countries to participate in the joint planning, implementation and evaluation of program activities across borders at regional and national levels; promote the sharing of resources of high-cost specialized assets, such as reference laboratories and specialized training and research institutions.

The monitoring and response capacity of regional systems depends on open collaboration and the combined strength of individual national systems, from central to community level. Thus, the REDISSE IV program will strengthen the complete ‘value chain’ of disease surveillance and response from the lowest community level down to district, province / state, country and country levels. of the region.

The REDISSE IV project is structured around four (04) components that will collectively strengthen the preparedness and response to emerging threats to public health in the region:

  1. 1) Strengthening of surveillance and laboratory capacities to rapidly detect epidemics;
  2. 2) Strengthening of emergency planning and management capacities to respond quickly to epidemics;
  3. 3) human capacity development in public health for effective disease surveillance and epidemic preparedness;
  4. 4) Institutional capacity building, project management, coordination and advocacy.

The REDISSE IV Project Coordination and Management Unit based in Libreville, Gabon, is made up of Experts who are supervised by the Health Service, one of the services of the Department for Gender Promotion, Human and Social Development of the ECCAS Commission.

HABIMANA Augustin, Communication and Advocacy Specialist